prejudice

prejudice
prejudice [prej′ə dis]
n.
[ME < MFr < L praejudicium < prae-, before (see PRE-) + judicium, judgment < judex (gen. judicis), JUDGE]
1. a judgment or opinion formed before the facts are known; preconceived idea, favorable or, more usually, unfavorable
2.
a) a judgment or opinion held in disregard of facts that contradict it; unreasonable bias [a prejudice against modern art]
b) the holding of such judgments or opinions
3. suspicion, intolerance, or irrational hatred of other races, creeds, regions, occupations, etc.
4. injury or harm resulting as from some judgment or action of another or others
vt.
prejudiced, prejudicing
1. to injure or harm, as by some judgment or action
2. to cause to have or show prejudice; bias
——————
without prejudice
1. without detriment or injury
2. Law without dismissal of or detriment to (a legal right, claim, etc.): often with to
SYN.- PREJUDICE implies a preconceived and unreasonable judgment or opinion, usually an unfavorable one marked as by suspicion, fear, or hatred [a murder motivated by race prejudice]; BIAS implies a mental leaning in favor of or against someone or something [few of us are without bias of any kind ]; PARTIALITY implies an inclination to favor a person or thing because of strong fondness or attachment [the conductor's partiality for the works of Brahms ]; PREDILECTION implies a preconceived liking, formed as a result of one's background, temperament, etc., that inclines one to a particular preference [he has a predilection for murder mysteries ]

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?
Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Prejudice — prejudice …   Dictionary of sociology

  • préjudice — [ preʒydis ] n. m. • 1265; lat. præjudicium « jugement anticipé », de præjudicare « préjuger » 1 ♦ Perte d un bien, d un avantage par le fait d autrui; acte ou événement nuisible aux intérêts de qqn et le plus souvent contraire au droit, à la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • prejudice — prej·u·dice 1 / pre jə dəs/ n [Old French, from Latin praejudicium previous judgment, damage, from prae before + judicium judgment] 1: injury or detriment to one s legal rights or claims (as from the action of another): as a: substantial… …   Law dictionary

  • prejudice — Prejudice, in normal usage, means preconceived opinion or bias, against or in favour of, a person or thing. While it is important to remember that biases can be positive as well as negative, nevertheless the term most commonly refers to a… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • préjudice — Préjudice. s. m. Tort, dommage. Notable préjudice. préjudice fort considerable. porter préjudice à quelqu un, luy causer, luy faire un grand préjudice. souffrir un grand préjudice. cela me seroit d un grand préjudice. On dit, Au préjudice de sa… …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française

  • Prejudice — Préjudice Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Sommaire 1 Droit 2 Cinéma 3 Musique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • prejudice — Prejudice, m. penac. Est avantjugé, un jugement donné qui fait consequence à ce qui reste à juger, Praeiudicium. Voilà pourquoy on en use pour dommage, comme, Cela tourne à mon grand prejudice, Id magno mihi est detrimento. Et, Sans prejudice de… …   Thresor de la langue françoyse

  • Prejudice — Prej u*dice, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Prejudiced}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Prejudicing}.] [Cf. F. pr[ e]judicier. See {Prejudice}, n.] 1. To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • prejudice — in the meaning ‘bias’ or ‘partiality’, is followed by against or in favour of, but not (on the analogy of hostility, objection, etc.) to: a prejudice against eating late, not ☒ a prejudice to eating late. In its meaning ‘irrational dislike’, it… …   Modern English usage

  • prejudice — ► NOUN 1) preconceived opinion that is not based on reason or experience. 2) unjust behaviour formed on such a basis. 3) chiefly Law harm that may result from some action or judgement. ► VERB 1) give rise to prejudice in (someone); make biased.… …   English terms dictionary

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”